jdusk 11.06.2012

Pathology Exam Questions

English study  - questions



General pathology (1-21)


 1.      Cellular injury and death

 2.      Atrophy

 3.      Amyloidosis

 4.      Repair and  regeneration

 5.      Calcification

 6.      Edema, hyperemia and congestion

 7.      Thrombosis

 8.      Embolism

 9.      Infarction

10.     Respiratory infections (classified and described  according to aetiology &location)

11.     Tuberculosis

12.     Gastrointestinal infections (classified and described  according to aetiology &location)


13.     Gram - positive pyogenic infections (classified and described  according to aetiology &location – skin, mucose, serose membranes, intersticium)


14.     Sexually transmitted infections

15.     Infections of childhood and adolescence  (mumps, measles-morbilli, rubella-German measles, parotitis, chickenpox- varicella, fifth disease, scarlet fever, whooping cough-pertussis, pyogenic childhood infections, tb, infectious mononucleosis…  STD…

16.     Oportunistic and AIDS related infections (classified and described  according to aetiology &location: viruses: CMV, EB, PME… bact.: chlamydiae, tb,  beta-strepto, actinomycosis… mycoses – candida, cryptococcus….parasites: toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amebiasis… )


17.     Tropical infections (classified and described  according to aetiology &location - viruses: ebola, hemorrhagic fever, encephalitides, yellow fever, Marburg dis.… bact.: chlamydiae, mycobacteria - tb, leprosy,  Haemophillus,  actinomycosis… mycoses – candida, cryptococcus, blastomycosis….parasites: malaria, trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amebiasis,  schistosomiasis …helminths: taeniasis, Equinococcus, Strongyloides stercoralis, Dracunculus, Trichinella…. )



18.     Hyper and hypovitaminoses

19.     Genetic disorders (Mendelian disorders - single gene defects - autosomal dominant- eg.  Marfan´s syndroma, fimiliar hypercholesterolemia, Huntington´s chorea, neurofibromatosis; autosomal recessive - e.g. mucoviscidosis, phenylketouria, albinism, storage disorders (glycogenoses, mucopolysaccharidoses); whole chromosome diseases - trisomies  21, 18; sex chromosome disorders - Klinefelterś sy, Turner ´s sy, XYY males...; neoplasms and genetics  - e.g. Her2/neu in breat cancer; EGFR  in colon cancer, Philelphia chromosome in CML... ways of detection...

20.     Diseases of immunity

21.     Diseases of infancy and childhood: infectious (see above) & non infectious – inborn, acquired – according to general pathology  dis. categories



Tumors (22-42)


22.     Neoplasia - definition, general morphology, biology of growth,          cancerogenesis

23.     Malignant lymphomas

24.     Leukemias and myeloproliferative disorders

25.     Tumors of lungs

26.     Tumors of the stomach

27.     Tumors of the small and large intestine

28.     Tumors of the liver

29.     Tmors of the biliary tract

30.     Tumors of the exo and endocrine pancreas

31.     Tumors of kidneys

32.     Tumors  of the urinary tract

33.     Tumors of the male genital system

34.     Pseudotumors and tumors of the uterus

35.     Ovarian tumors and cysts

36.     Tumors of the breast

37.     Tumors of the thyroid gland

38.     Tumors of  adrenal cortex and medulla

39.     Tumors of the skin

40.     Bone tumors

41.     Soft tissue tumors

42.     Tumors of the brain and nerves         



Special pathology (43-83)               


43.     Pathology of vessels

44.     Ischemic heart disease

45.     Valvular heart disease

46.     Myocardial diseases

47.     Pericardial diseases

48.     Congenital heart diseases

49.     Anemias

50.     Hemorrhagic disorders

51.     Pathology of the spleen

52.     Diseases of lungs of vascular origin

53.     Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

54.     Pulmonary infections

55.     Diffuse interstitial diseases of lungs

56.     Pathology of esophagus

57.     Gastritis

58.     Gastric ulceration

59.     Vascular disorders of the intestines

60.     Inflammatory disorders of the intestines

61.     Pathology of the peritoneum

62.     Cirrhosis

63.     Inflammatory disorders of the liver and billiary tract

64.     Alcoholic liver disease

65.     Pathology of the exocrine pancereas

66.     Diabetes mellitus

67.     Glomelular diseases

68.     Diseases of tubules and interstitium of kidneys

69.     Diseases of blood vessels in kidneys

70.     Cholelithiasis and urolithiasis

71.     Inflammations of female genital tract

72.     Gestational and placental disorders

73.     Pathology  of the pituitary gland

74.     Thyrotoxicosis and hypothyroidism

75.     Thyroiditis and goiter

76.     Pathology of the parathyroid glands

77.     Hyper and hypofunction of adrenals

78.     Inflammatory dermatoses

79.     Osteomyelitis

80.     Traumatic diseases of the brain

81.     Vascular diseases of the brain

82.     Inflammatory diseases of the  brain

83.     Degenerative diseases of the brain



Oral pathology - questions



 1.      Viral vesiculo-bullous diseases of the oral mucosa (herpes simplex, herpes zoster, herp. angina)

 2.      Immunologic vesico-bullous diseases of the oral mucosa (pemphigus          vulgaris, bullous pemphigoid, dermatitis herpetiformis)

 3.      Ulcerative lesions of the oral mucosa (syphilis, tbc, leprosy,     actinomycosis, noma, aphtous ulcers)

 4.      Oral squamous cell carcinoma

 5.      Hereditary white lesions (leukoedema, white sponge nevus, follicular keratosis)

 6.      Reactive white lesions (frictional hyperkeratosis, nicotine stomatitis, solar    cheilitis)

 7.      Leukoplakia and lichen planus

 8.      Candidiasis

 9.      Benign melanocytic lesions (ephelis, lentigo, nevi)

10.     Melanoma

11.     Verrucous papillary lesions-condyloma latum, condyloma acuminatum,       verruca vulgaris, keratoacanthoma

12.     Infectious sialodenitis

13.     Benign lymphoepithelial lesion

14.     Benign neoplasms of salivary glands

15.     Malignant neoplasms of salivary glands

16.     Odontogenic cysts (radicular, dentigerous, calcifying odontogenic cysts)

17.     Soft tissue cysts of the neck (bronchial, dermoid, thyreoglosseous tract      cyst)

18.     Epithelial odontogenic tumours

19.     Mesenchymal odontogenic tumours

20.     Mixed odontogenic tumours

21.     Pulpitis

22.     Jaw osteomyelitis

23.     Malignant non-odontogenic neoplasms of the jaws (osteosarcoma,     chondrosarcoma, Ewing´s sarcoma)

24.     Burkitt´s lymphoma

25.     Bone lesions of hyperparathyroidism

26.     Fibrous dysplasia

27.     Cherubism

28.     Paget´s disease

29.     Dental caries

30.     Periodontal disease

31.     Seborrhoic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma of the face



















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